Study Questions

Chapter 3 (8th Ed.)


1.   Define positive reinforcer, positive reinforcement, deprivation, satiation, motivating operations, instructions and natural reinforcers.


2.   Briefly describe eight factors that influence the effectiveness of a positive reinforcement.


3.   Give two reasons why you want to be very specific about identifying the behaviors to be reinforced.


4.   Classify five general categories of positive reinforcers and provide a personal example of each.


5.   What is the Premack Principle?


6.   Why have psychologists found it advantageous to let people choose from several types of reinforcers?


***NOTE:  An object or event is a positive reinforcer ONLY when there is an increase in the behavior the reinforcer follows.


7.      How is feeding a child salty foods an motivating operation?


***NOTE: Deprivation increases the effectiveness of a reinforcers and satiation decreases the effectiveness of a reinforcer.


8.   Does a person have to understand or be aware of why he/she was reinforced?


9.   How do giving instructions help when trying to change a person's behavior?


10. When is using a positive reinforcer most effective?


11. What is the difference between a contingent and non-contingent use of reinforcement?


12.  Identify a natural reinforcer that occurs periodically in your life?


13. What is one pitfall to positive reinforcement?


14. On page 46,  be able to identify four qualities a reinforcer outlined in guideline 2a.



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